Norcia the small diamond

Who said of Norcia "Vetusta" he forgot to add "calendar" of a civilization of ancient lineage, which has made it a cornerstone of the Mountain, said the stretch of the Apennines Sibillini. Symbol of this high civilization is S. BENEDELLO, who was born in Norcia in 480, in full barbaric age, and it is from here, from the monastic settlements proliferated immediately, which is reconstituted vigorously that fabric made of rules, with references to history, culture, human understanding, which in course of 15 centuries has led to the idea of Europe and the realization of its unity. The city, entirely surrounded by ancient walls, with doors that open directly to the campaign, alternating civilian and religious monuments, with a periodicity textbook: the Piazza S. Benedict has to circle the Town Hall, La Basilica di S. Benedict, the Cathedral of St. Maria Argentea, the Castellina, suggesting, without solutions of continuity, 400 years of architecture from the thirteenth century. Founded by the Sabini, its old town was completely surrounded by walls. According to historians, the territory dii Norcia was inhabited since the Neolithic, but the first witnesses on continuity settlement, date back to the V a. C. Developed at the end of V century a. C. and its name derived from 'Etrusco Norsa (luck). The ancient Nursia was celebrated by Livy, Plutarch and Virgil, the latter, nell'Eneide, he quoted the leader of Nursini, Ufente, next round of the fight against Aeneas. It was mentioned for the first time in 205 a. C. When an ally of Rome, offering to Scipio, in the second Punic War volunteers together with the city of Rieti and Amiternum. In the second century. a. C. was built, a prefecture and then a Roman Municipality in Region IV Sabina. Hostile to the reform efforts of the Gracchi, sided with Antonio, and so was defeated by Octavian. It was converted to Christianity in about 250 by the Bishop of Foligno, San Feliciano. In VI century was the seat of the diocese. Devastated by the Goths and Lombards, the latter subject to the Duchy of Spoleto, in the ninth century it was devastated by the Saracens. Then, in early times, experienced a period of great depression caused by emigration and the high mortality. His recovery was possible due to the spatial position and proximity of St. dell'Abbazia Eutizio. Together with seven other cities, was separated from the United Otto I d 'Italia and was subject to Chiesa.Predominando in Norcia the Guelph faction, the Pope used it during his stay in Avignon, to dominate the Ghibellina Cascia. Formed a free commune in the twelfth century was thriving but troubled life, due to external wars with Spoleto to have more autonomy and with neighboring municipalities for the supremacy of the territory. In 1354 was finally subjected to the Church by Cardinal Albornoz. For defense needs and to have greater political and administrative, was built at the center of the city in 1554, by Giulio III a fortress of Castellina. In 1569, under Pope Gregory XIII, in the Prefecture was established with jurisdiction over Cascia, Monteleone, Cerreto and Visso and then also on the Marchigiano Sibillini. In 1821, Pius VII restored the home you Bishop.




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HOTEL RISTORANTE HERMITAGE 06046 Savelli di Norcia (PG) - Tel. 0039.348.7214429
P.IVA 01152040547